Manchester is a major city in the northwest of England with a rich industrial heritage, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium, which was established in about AD 79.
Manchester's history is concerned with textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. The great majority of cotton spinning took place in the towns of south Lancashire and north Cheshire, and Manchester was for a time the most productive centre of cotton processing.
Manchester is most famous for its music with bands such as Oasis, The Smiths, Joy Division, New Order, The Stone Roses, The Verve, Elbow, Doves, The Charlatans, M People, Simply Red, Take That, The Smiths, The Stone Roses, Happy Mondays, Inspiral Carpets and the Bee Gees all hailed from the city.